There is massive pressure to include indigenous lands in the industrial-economic development. Communities need support and tools in perceiving their rights and for the constructive legal defence of the rights.
Liberia is the most forested country in West Africa. Legislation supports promotion of sustainable community based forest use and conservation, but without the support of CSOs, community rights and sustainable livelihoods may not realize.
The rural electrification rate in Mali is very low, which increases the pressure on the few forest resurces in Sahel and has also negative effect on public health. Support to community-based solar energy systems is thus very necessary.
The central and northern parts of Mozambique are rich in biodiversity and resources, but the competing land-use pressures and extreme weather phenomena bring vast challenges to local communities, especially women-led peasant families.
The challenges of Myanmar include the brutal military rule, spiralling poverty trap and increasing biodiversity loss. Ethnic minority communities need support in improving their livelihoods and in producing sustainable energy locally.